The Power of Smart Controllers

Sample of a smart controller water budget reportExcel Water Budget Tool

The power of smart controllers comes from using the “smart” features as a tool to manage water. I remember the first time I looked at an Excel spreadsheet I asked a colleague what is all the fuss about? It just looks like a sheet of graph paper to me.  I couldn’t believe there wasn’t some type of template already embedded so I could easily manipulate data.  As I learned more about Excel I started to better comprehend the power.   Understanding the value of “what if” opened a whole new world to me.  I now understood the value of Excel was not as a product, but as a tool to use to analyze data.  Today many users of smart controllers are having this same experience.

Thankfully Smart Controllers Are Not Set It and Forget It

In my opinion for a controller to be truly smart it has to be able to perform five basic functions.

  1. Ability to adjust watering run times based on weather data or soil moisture data.
  2. Ability to view and make changes to my controller from my computer, tablet or smart phone.
  3.  It has to have the ability to sense flow.  This allows me to see real time how much water is being used. It also provides the ability to measure the flow of water for better water management and access to make changes easily.
  4. It has to be able to sense high flow and shut a system down when high flow is detected and send an alert, either email or text message to a technician to let them know there is a problem.
  5. It has to have the ability to generate reports so I can start analyzing data to make better decisions about water management.

These five features provide data to make me a better water manager and a reason not to forget about your smart controller.

The ability to adjust the amount of water applied on a daily basis should result in water savings but it also means I am going to have to make some adjustments to the programming because my irrigation system is not 100% uniform.  For a few weeks after installation wet checks of the system as well as the use of a soil probe for moisture tests should be performed to fine tune the system.  I consider this maintenance of the controller.  The controller offers much more for water managers who will take time to learn how to use them properly.

The Real Power of a Smart Controller Comes from Reports

You can’t manage what you can’t measure is true especially in water management.  Installing a flow meter allows a water manager to see how much water is being used in real time.  Some smart controllers now provide a graphical view of the consumption or fiscal dollars compared with user defined budgets. When integrated with a flow enabled central controllers, these reports provide daily measured and estimated usage consumption information to easily see the site’s budget status.  These also provide the ability to align measured and estimated usage consumption information with either the calendar month or the associated water bill service period. This allows users to clearly compare water bill information with measured and estimated usage for tracking and auditing purposes.

Another option that helps take water management to a more sophisticated level is a monitoring report.  Users can check the status of a monthly or annual budget at a glance. This interactive interface allows a user to review information by account, budget type, actual consumption, unit, month and year. Water managers can see measured and estimate consumption usage aligned with either the calendar month or associated water bill service period.

Having the ability to create reports with the water use graph and the budget monitoring helps water managers keep consistent track of water use.  In addition, the ease of exporting the date to a pdf makes it easy to share the information with other water managers and customers.  Providing the data to others is what helps promote meaningful conversations about water.

There are lots of discussions concerning the value of smart controllers and other water saving technology available to the landscape industry today.   Smart controllers and other water saving technologies are like the Excel spread sheet.  They are not very valuable by themselves but when combined with a person who knows how to use the technology they are extremely valuable.   A combination of good technology and a good water manager who understands how to use the tools will result in maximum water savings.

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Richard Restuccia

Richard Restuccia is a water management evangelist. He believes passionately in water efficiency and sees the financial and social benefits far too often to keep a secret. As the Director for Water Management Solutions at ValleyCrest, Richard is our spokesperson at industry events and on the Hill to provide direction and insight on landscape water management best practices. Richard puts his words into action through service on various boards and committees. Currently he serves on the Irrigation Association’s Board of Directors. As a board member, Richard serves in a variety of capacities, including government/public affairs. He is the liaison between the board and its marketing committee on the best ways to promote water efficiency and educate industry professionals on new technologies, products and services. Richard is also a regular contributor to Lawn & Landscape Magazine.


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  1. Monday, 8:17 Greg Chick

    My thought is if we integrated a loop into controllers that was optional but allowed entering a volume measurement from the water meter on each valve circuit as well as a price per volume, we could then quantify the savings in real “green”. The % button would read out the dollars saved per, what ever selected, day, week, month. The programer of any controller would need to look at the water meter first then enter the volume flow for a given time, as well as know the price including sweage fees if any, that is all. This extra feature need not be required to be used, therefore not a burden to already challenged issues in programing. The incentive would be that homeowners could be shown real time savings.

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